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Sinai I Agreement

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C. The detailed implementation of the troop withdrawal will be elaborated by military representatives of Egypt and Israel, who will agree on the phases of this process. These representatives shall meet for this purpose at kilometre 101 not later than forty-eight hours after the signature of this Agreement. They will complete this task within five days. The withdrawal shall begin within forty-eight hours of the completion of the work of the military representatives and, in no case, more than seven days after the signing of this Agreement. The withdrawal process is completed no later than 40 days after it begins. 1. The early warning system to be established in accordance with Article IV in the area shown on the map annexed to the Basic Agreement shall be transferred to the United States. It has the following elements: this Agreement shall enter into force upon signature of the Protocol and shall remain in force until it is replaced by a new Agreement. The agreement is to be signed by the chiefs of staff of Israel and Egypt on Friday, January 18, at 1200 local time, at kilometer 101, on the Cairo-Suez road. The Commander of the United Nations Emergency Force, General Siflasvuo, was requested by the parties to attend the signing.

The parties are continuing their efforts to negotiate a final peace agreement within the framework of the Geneva Conference, in accordance with Security Council resolution 338. The Sinai Interim Agreement, also known as the Sinai II Agreement, was a diplomatic agreement signed by Egypt and Israel on September 4, 1975. The signing ceremony took place in Geneva. In accordance with the decision of the Geneva Conference, the Governments of Israel and Egypt, with the support of the Government of the United States, reached an agreement on the withdrawal and separation of their armed forces. Within five days of the signing of the Israeli-Egyptian agreement, representatives of both sides are meeting in the military working group of the Middle East Peace Conference in Geneva to begin preparing a detailed protocol for the implementation of the agreement. The working group will finalise the minutes within two weeks. In order to facilitate the preparation of the Protocol and the implementation of the Agreement and to maintain scrupulous compliance with the ceasefire and other elements of the Agreement, the two sides agreed on the following principles, which are an integral part of the Agreement, as guidelines for the Working Group. Following the cabinet meeting held this afternoon, during which a separation of forces agreement with Egypt was unanimously adopted, the government minister made the following announcement: D. This agreement is not considered by Egypt and Israel as a final peace agreement. It is a first step towards a definitive, just and lasting peace, in accordance with the provisions of Security Council resolution 338 and within the framework of the Geneva Conference.

The goal of this agreement was, in the eyes of the Egyptians, to recover as much of the Sinai Peninsula (occupied by Israel since 1967) through diplomacy as they could. Although the agreement strengthened Egypt`s ties with the Western world, it reduced its relations with other arab League members (including Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organization). (6) Both Parties agree that they will not create new fasteners or installations for forces greater than those agreed between Line A (of the Withdrawal Agreement of 18 January 1974) and Line E. The agreement states that conflicts between countries “shall not be resolved by military force, but by peaceful means.” [1] It also called for “a new withdrawal in Sinai and a new UN buffer zone.” [2] The agreement between Israel and Egypt has therefore strengthened the commitment to respect the United Communities. . . .

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